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Once the capital of Moldova (from 1388 to 1565), Suceava is an excellent starting point for trips to most of the historical, cultural and natural attractions, that tourists can experience in Bucovina. Suceava is definitely a gateway toward visiting of the painted monasteries of Bucovina.
Suceava's territory and its surroundings were inhabited, as testified by archaeological research, since ancient times, starting even from the Paleolithic. In II-III centuries, there is here a settlement of free Dacians, archaeological finds revealing also strong Roman influences.
During the migration period and in the next centuries the local population continued to live on these lands, and in XIV century, in 1388, Suceava is mentioned as the capital of Moldova.
Beginning with the reign of Peter I of Moldova (about 1375-1391), the fortress of Suceava became the main citadel of Moldavia, the function being performed in the time of Aron Voda too (1592-1595), Razvan Stefan (1595) and the Movilesti. Together with Alexandru Lapusneanu, royal residence moved to Iasi.
Near the city there were two fortresses, the older one at Scheia, the other new one, which can be seen today. Between these two fortresses has developped since the first part of the century XIV the city. The fortress Scheia, one of the oldest fortresses from Moldavia, but with a short existence, was demolished during the reign of Alexander the Good (Alexandru cel Bun). The fortress of Suceava was for three centuries very important concerning the political life of Moldova.
Location: North East of the country (county: Suceava)
Dimensions: 52 Km2
Altitude: 325-340 meters
First acknowledgment: 1388 AD